HONG KONG — When Hong Kong public libraries pulled books about dissent from circulation final month, Pong Yat Ming made a proposal to his clients: They may learn a number of the similar books, free of charge, at his retailer.
Mr. Pong, 47, based the store, Ebook Punch, in 2020, after Beijing imposed a nationwide safety regulation in response to the antigovernment protests that rocked Hong Kong in 2019. The regulation broadly outlined acts of subversion and secession towards China, making a lot political speech probably unlawful, and it threatened extreme punishment, together with life imprisonment, for offenders.
Mr. Pong mentioned he had opened Ebook Punch exactly as a result of he didn’t need the town to fall silent underneath the stress, and since he felt it was essential to construct a extra empathetic, tightknit group because the regulation forged its shadow over Hong Kong.
“The social motion has modified the way in which individuals learn and the worth they place on books,” he mentioned. “I need to deliver out that form of vitality, that want for change via studying.” He added, “Books are highly effective, like forceful punches responding to the social atmosphere.”
The enterprise is a possible minefield. The safety regulation has introduced mass arrests, a rout of pro-democracy lawmakers, modifications to high school curriculums, a crackdown on the humanities and quickly rising limits on free expression. It has additionally compelled booksellers to confront questions on how lengthy they are going to survive and the way a lot they could need to compromise. A scarcity of readability about why sure books are out of the blue off limits has sophisticated selections about which titles to inventory.
As they navigate the constraints of the sweeping regulation, many impartial bookstores have strengthened their resolve to attach with their readers and crystallized their roles as vibrant group hubs. In interviews, booksellers mentioned that extra individuals had rushed to purchase books and photograph collections documenting the 2019 protests, pushed by the concern that these data would sooner or later disappear. Some clients, in the meantime, have merely turned to their neighborhood bookstores for a way of connection.
At Hong Kong Reader, a hushed upstairs area within the bustling Mong Kok district the place a regal, one-eyed cat reigns, guests have created a “Lennon Wall,” leaving messages about their hopes for the town on colourful sticky notes in a slender again hall. At Ebook Punch, an ethereal loft within the working-class neighborhood of Sham Shui Po, clients collect for discussions about democracy in Hong Kong and elsewhere. At Mount Zero, a jewel-box-size bookstore within the Sheung Wan district, the proprietor hosts visits by politically controversial authors.
“There’s been a larger want for individuals to assemble across the fireside and preserve heat collectively,” mentioned Sharon Chan, the proprietor of Mount Zero.
A Ebook on Civil Disobedience Vanishes
After the nationwide safety regulation handed, modifications swept via the town’s public libraries. Dozens of titles “suspected of breaching” the regulation have been pulled from their collections in latest months, based on Hong Kong’s Leisure and Cultural Providers Division, which oversees the libraries. They embody the memoirs of pro-democracy activists and treatises on political self-determination in Hong Kong, native information shops reported, citing publicly obtainable library databases.
Among the many withdrawn materials is a 2014 ebook referred to as “Three Giants of Civil Disobedience,” which outlines the philosophies of Gandhi, the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela. Its writer, Daniel Pang, a Christian theology scholar, mentioned he had been dismayed to study that it had disappeared from circulation.
“The one motive I may consider is as a result of it contained suggestions from Benny Tai and Joshua Wong,” he mentioned, referring to 2 well-known activists who’ve been charged underneath the nationwide safety regulation. Blurbs from them seem on the ebook’s again cowl. “Or due to its subject material: civil disobedience,” Mr. Pang added.
The Leisure and Cultural Providers Division didn’t reply to questions on particular publications, but it surely confirmed that 34 books and periodicals had been suspended as a part of a evaluate of books suspected of violating the nationwide safety regulation.
For some impartial booksellers, the pulled titles despatched a transparent sign, even when the brand new requirements for censorship remained obscure.
Daniel Lee, who has run Hong Kong Reader, a preferred tutorial bookstore, for 15 years, mentioned that when there have been clear guideposts about which books had been forbidden, comparable to their removing from libraries, he would almost certainly observe the federal government’s lead.
“We will’t fully uphold freedom of speech, as a result of the regulation has modified,” he mentioned. “To the best extent attainable, we are going to attempt to run our bookstore with out breaking the regulation. So if the federal government can explicitly say that there are issues with sure books, we are going to observe. It’s a compromise.”
Ebook Punch has taken a unique tack, saying on-line that it’s going to lend clients copies of books and magazines that libraries are reviewing for potential nationwide safety violations.
“In case you preserve a decrease profile, then you’ll be able to function for longer,” Mr. Pong mentioned. “Ebook Punch and some others have chosen to do extra, and even when we’re now not in a position to do that sooner or later, I do consider that there are some individuals to whom we may cross the baton.”
The authorities haven’t responded to Ebook Punch’s posts. However Mr. Pong mentioned individuals he didn’t acknowledge had appeared on the store’s closed-door screenings of politically delicate documentaries and brought images of the display screen and the members.
“Everyone has issues they can not settle for,” mentioned Mr. Pong, who’s at present abroad (he mentioned he would return in just a few months). “To me, there’s no motive to cease me from screening documentaries. There’s no motive to ban me from promoting books. If ultimately, you arrest me, it doesn’t matter. I’m able to persist to the tip.”
Come to the Bookstore, Get a Therapeutic massage
Mr. Pong’s store, which continues to function in his absence, displays his grass-roots activism on points like elevated bicycle entry and the rights of marginalized communities. Final November, it hosted Chan Kin-man, a frontrunner of the 2014 pro-democracy protests often called the Umbrella Motion, who learn aloud from his jail memoir to visually impaired readers there.
The shop rewards ebook patrons with perks like garlic paste and recent greens, delivered each morning from a moist market. Visually impaired masseuses supply massages by appointment. Yoga academics, bands and theater teams hire out the area for observe.
“‘Liberating Hong Kong,’ so to talk, isn’t just in regards to the political stage,” Mr. Pong mentioned, referring to a protest slogan that the federal government has mentioned may very well be seditious. “In case you care solely about electoral rights, and never what one would possibly name the proper to learn or elevated entry for everybody, this understanding of freedom and democracy could be very one-sided.”
On the peak of the 2019 protests, pro-democracy chants sometimes broke out outdoors Mount Zero, in Sheung Wan. Now, lowered voices vie with the delicate strains of jazz. Artists sketch underneath the shade of a willow tree. Musicians stage impromptu out of doors performances. On sizzling, sticky days, Ms. Chan, the proprietor, treats clients to slices of watermelon or thick slabs of Cantonese-style French toast from the open-air diner subsequent door.
“When the ache is so collective, the largest problem for us is methods to keep a wholesome outlook, to maintain discovering books that our readers would need, to assist them calm down a bit,” she mentioned. “I feel they see this as an area the place they will really feel secure and discover like-minded individuals.”
‘Concepts Are Bulletproof’
Mount Zero takes up solely about 100 sq. ft. Books are stacked tidily in an order that solely its shopkeepers can discern. Patrons climb as much as an attic with broad home windows, passing framed artwork prints, classic posters and a pro-democracy newspaper hand-drawn by a neighborhood artist.
“I used to assume my bookstore was very small,” Ms. Chan mentioned. “However a reader as soon as mentioned to me that, in comparison with his residence, it was very large. I’ve all the time remembered that.”
Over the entrance door, a message is spelled out in crimson, white and black tiles: “Concepts are bulletproof.” It’s a quote from the politically themed motion film “V for Vendetta” that was typically discovered amongst antigovernment graffiti through the protests. Ms. Chan mentioned the tiles mysteriously appeared one morning final summer time.
“Whoever put it up should have made exact measurements,” she mentioned. “I’ve left it up as a result of there should be a motive a few of our readers needed to see it right here.”
Ms. Chan has not shied away from politically delicate topics at her retailer. She hosts contentious authors, together with Mr. Tai, who visited months earlier than he was detained underneath the nationwide safety regulation. On this 12 months’s anniversary of the Tiananmen bloodbath, she gave reductions that corresponded to the date of the killings, June 4, 1989: 60, 40, 80 or 90 p.c off purchases.
“They may attempt to ban us from doing sure issues in public, however that won’t cease us from doing so in personal,” Ms. Chan mentioned. “Justice is on my facet, and I don’t really feel afraid.”
As for Mr. Lee of Hong Kong Reader, he mentioned it was price staying within the enterprise for so long as attainable. He cited a Hannah Arendt quote: “There aren’t any harmful ideas. Considering itself is harmful.”
“So long as one thing referred to as a ‘bookstore’ is allowed to exist,” he added, “we are going to proceed promoting books.”